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Instructor: Sahar Heydari Fard. This course meets MW 3:35 – 4:50 p.m. in PE 2066.

This is an advanced interdisciplinary course last in the PPE series. It covers various issues at the intersection of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics and is structured like a graduate seminar. The specific focus of this course will be on social explanation and its effect on our individual and collective moral responses to social problems. What happens if a framework limits its scope to only individuals and their attributes to explain any social phenomenon? How should we decide whether entities like structures or systems are valid parts of our causal explanation for a given social phenomenon? What difference does the choice of explanatory frameworks make for economists, policymakers, politicians, activists, and even social movements?


This course is for graduating senior PPE minors who have taken the 384 Gateway course and have taken (or are taking) all other courses necessary to complete the PPE minor.

For enrollment assistance, please contact our PPE Administrators at

Prerequisite: PHIL/POLI/ECON 384.